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Form "International Tribunal on Evictions”

Wednesday 03 August 2016 10:24:22 am

General Information

Beer Sheva
unrecognized villages
Negev Bedouin - residents of unrecognized villages
2 (Land)

Description of case of forced evictions

2 (underway)
The Bedouin in the Israeli Negev (south - desert) are the indigenous people of the region. the Government of Israel has been refusing to recognize their villages since the creation of the state in 1948. therefore there is no official way to receive building permits, and all homes built are under the threat of demolitions. about 1000 homes are demolished annually. the people re-build their homes made of the cheapest construction materials, and are once more under the threat of demolitions. the state logic behind this is for the bedouin to give up their way of life, their communities, the land as a resource and their villages and accept the government's wish for them to move into the poor concentration towns built by the government. however, at the time of demolitions, there are no alternative homes, and certainly no acceptable alternative solutions.
120,000 people. of them over 50% children. women are just over half the adult population.
these are evictions for the purpose of demolitions. the official reason is that the homes were built without building permits and are therefor illegal and must be destroyed. the homes are indeed illegal, but this is because of the policies of non-recognition of the Bedouin villages. see more detail in answer #7.
the demolitions have been going on for the last five decades. a main incidence is the repeated erasure of the village of el araqib - for 100 time it has been bulldozed to the ground. another main incidence is the case of the villages of um el hiran and attir, which are about to be totally demolished - in order to build on their ruins a community for Jewish citizens of the country.
as this is an ongoing policy for over half a decade, it has not allowed the entire community of the residents of the bedouin villages to plan their future, to work towards a better status in the society, they are all the time only focused on keeping their homes and dealing with the lack of infrastructure. the demolished homes (bulldozers accompanied by a large police force, and often also arrests) bring a lot of violence into the community, destroying the world of women who have not had the opportunity to go to school or have a world outside their homes. also - re-building is really expensive for these families
for women and children the home is their world. its demolition by "the Jews", is destroying their homes=world and creating a lot of hatred and trauma.
the government of israel in general, and in particular "the authority for the settlement of the Bedouin" which is currently under the authority of the ministry of agriculture.

Support, measures taken and follow up

sì (yes: which?)
The Regional Council for the Unrecognized Bedouin Villages (RCUV), an NGO of the leadership of the residents of the unrecognized villages
we have called out to the government to recognize the villages. we have created with the support of the EU an alternative plan for the villages, taking into consideration the israeli regulations for community planning and the needs and wishes of the residents of the villages. we have called to the international community to intervene. we have lobbied the parliament members who care for justice or the Bedouin to support us - and they do, but they are in the opposition and a minority within the parliament. demonstrations. and much more
not much can be done. solidarity - both by being around when possible when the bulldozers arrive and afterwards. trying to help financially with rebuilding of the homes. but it is so expensive, that it is all a drop in the sea.
extra (yes: which?)
as mentioned in q. 15, an alternative plan - to make the villages recognized and to allow the homes to be legalized. here is the plan:
ten of the 46 unrecognized villages have been recognized. one has officially planned and built. (this is a positive result of the efforts of the RCUV and its partners). but the government is still reluctant to continue with this process because its main goal is transferring the land from the bedouin community to the state and the jewish community.
the most effective strategy is just staying and re-building and resisting, and as much as possible - creating within the israeli community - and mostly among the palestinian israeli community as much civic unrest as possible.
it is ongoing. but the most recent threat of evicting the people of um el hiran and attir (about 1500 people) in order to use their village lands for a jewish community is happening now. only two days ago there were arrests of people resisting the government tractors that entered their village to start the building of infrastructure for the jewish settlement. i wish to stress - all are citizens of the state - both the bedouin and the jews. and the land is not in the occupied territories, but part of the 1948 israel.

Details of the person registering information

Dr. Yeela Raanan
Advocacy Officer
Regional Council for the Unrecognized Bedouin Villages (RCUV)
Hahalutz 118 Beer Sheva
English/ Hebrew
Attia el Asam, RCUV chair. if in Arabic.

Documents (to upload)

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Publication Conditions

si (si)
si (yes)