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Form "International Tribunal on Evictions”

Friday 27 September 2013 11:11:06 pm

Informations générales

Kenya
Nairobi
City Carton
Nearly 400 homes were destroyed in a forced eviction carried out at City Carton (also known as City Cotton) in Nairobi West, in the Kenyan capital, after the settlement was cordoned off by 170 police officers between 4 and 5 am on 10 May. Residents were woken by groups of young men who burst into their homes and forced them out before demolishing the informal settlement using crowbars and sledgehammers. The 170 police of-ficers, who had encircled the settlement, did nothing to protect residents. Some were beaten and many had their property looted. Residents claim at least five gunshots were fired and showed us two bullet casings found in the rubble – as well as five teargas canisters used during the operation. This happened during the rainy sea-son, when temperatures can drop to 10C and there can be heavy rain at night.

Description du cas d’expulsion forcée

1 (a déjà eu lieu)
City Carton residents had been given no opportunity to engage in any consultation with the authorities. Ru-mours of a possible eviction had spread in the settlement but no notice was given to them, despite attempts by some residents to find out about a possible eviction from the local authorities. They were therefore unpre-pared. No one should be forcibly evicted, no matter where they live. Forced evictions are illegal under international and regional human rights law. People living in informal settlements have the same rights to adequate housing, water, sanitation, education and health care as all others do. To date, the Kenyan authorities have failed to plan for over 50% of Nairobi’s population. Approximately two million of the city’s residents are estimated to be living in slums and informal settlements with inadequate or no access to housing, water, schools, health care and security. As with informal settlements in Mombasa and Kisumu, these residents pay taxes, vote, contribute to the economy and society just like other urban residents, but they are excluded from city budgets and plans.
About 400 families were affected by the eviction.
The District Commissioner denied any knowledge of the eviction. Senior police officers told Amnesty International the demolitions had been carried out by young men hired by the owners of the City Car-ton land. The police officers also said they had provided security for the eviction on the orders of the Milimani Law Courts in Nairobi.
The forced eviction took place on May 10, between 4-5 am. Before that date there were rumours of a possible eviction but no information was granted whatsoever. Residents described how, before the break of dawn, they were woken by groups of young men who burst into their homes, forcing them out. One resident, a casual labourer called Branham, aged 28, said: “I was first aware of the demolitions at 5 am, when I could hear people outside wailing. When I came out, I started seeing the police and the youth, and that’s when I realized they were going into the houses and demolishing.” About 200 men wielding crowbars and sledgehammers carried out the demolitions. Chaos followed and the 170 police officers, who had encircled the settlement, did nothing to protect residents. Some were beaten and many had their property looted. Residents claim at least five gunshots were fired and showed us two bullet casings found in the rubble – as well as five teargas canisters used during the operation. Mariam, 21 years old and the mother of a seven month old baby, told us: “The police fired a teargas shell and it fell towards me and my baby… My child got sick because of the teargas so we took her to the hospital. Now she is crying because she hasn’t eaten… there is nothing to cook on, nothing to eat.” One week after the eviction, on May 17, a bulldozer arrived at City Carton and destroyed what was left of the houses.
The whole settlement was entirely destroyed. During the eviction about 200 men wielding crowbars and sledgehammers carried out the demolitions. Afterwards the bulldozer flattened everything.
They were affected by the brutality of the young men and the teargas thrown by the police (Mariam, 21 years old and her baby). They are also homeless at the time of the rain season.
Senior police officers told Amnesty International the demolitions had been carried out by young men hired by the owners of the City Carton land. The police officers also said they had provided security for the eviction on the orders of the Milimani Law Courts in Nairobi.

Mesures prises et suivi

sì (oui: lesquelles ? )
Yes, Amnesty International via Urgent Actions and Petitions and also via Amnesty’s specific network on forced evictions which collaborates with local organizations (dozens of sections around the world who lobby embassies, Kenyan authorities, Ministries of foreign affairs). Local organisation on the ground with AI Kenya.
AI Kenya was mobilized along with embassies (Danish, Swiss and others) on the ground who paid a visit to Governor Kidero of Nairobi.
After the eviction Amnesty International lounged a Urgent Action demanding the following: - Urging the City Governor to stop any further attempt to demolish City Carton settlement, ensure that all those forcibly evicted have immediate access to food, water, healthcare services and shelter, and are provided with effective remedies, including adequate alternative housing and compensation for any losses; - calling on the President to ensure that legal safeguards against forced evictions are in place before any further evictions are carried out; - urging the Inspector General of Police to ensure that immediate and impartial investigations are car-ried out into the 10 May forced eviction of residents of the City Carton settlement in Nairobi. Also, Amnesty International focuses its activities for the World Habitat Day 2013 on Kenya. It has launched a petition addressed to the Charity Ngilu, Secretary for Lands, Housing and Urban Development to immediately pass and implement a law that prohibits forced evictions and sets out safeguards that must be strictly followed before any eviction is carried out. This law must meet international and regional human rights standards.
Amnesty International calls on the Kenyan authorities to provide effective remedies for victims of forced evic-tions. Amnesty experts met Governor Kidero along with Embassies mobilized by Amnesty. AI Kenya is doing the follow-up. A mission of AI experts was on the ground at the end of September to assess the situation.
no (non)
No consulation.
After the eviction Amnesty International met with the police and Governor Kidero and launched a campaign in September 203: - Urging the City Governor to stop any further attempt to demolish City Carton settlement, ensure that all those forcibly evicted have immediate access to food, water, healthcare services and shelter, and are provided with effective remedies, including adequate alternative housing and compensation for any losses; - calling on the President to ensure that legal safeguards against forced evictions are in place before any further evictions are carried out; - urging the Inspector General of Police to ensure that immediate and impartial investigations are car-ried out into the 10 May forced eviction of residents of the City Carton settlement in Nairobi. Also, Amnesty International focuses its activities for the World Habitat Day 2013 on Kenya. It has launched a petition addressed to the Charity Ngilu, Secretary for Lands, Housing and Urban Development to immediately pass and implement a law that prohibits forced evictions and sets out safeguards that must be strictly followed before any eviction is carried out. This law must meet international and regional human rights standards.
September to November 2013 and aiming in changing the law of Kenya related to forced evictions.

Personne entrant les informations

David Cornut
Campaigns Officer, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Amnesty International
Speichergasse 33, Postfach 3001 Bern
Switzerland
41 31 307 22 53
dcornut@amnesty.ch
http://www.amnesty.ch
English
Rapport sur l'expulsion le 7 octobre 2013. Photos sur Facebook par les experts AI: https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.489992561056372.1073741826.161493850572913&type=3

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si (oui)
si (oui)